• For the Solar System, I gather arifacts on each of the planets, stars, and constellations that have either Greek or Roman god or goddesses that represent them. I also have information on certain god or goddesses that represenative the Greek mythology in the Solar System.

A List of Planets (some included their moons) and the Gods or Goddesses They are Named For:

  • Sun:

Both Roman and Greek God: Apollo

  • Mercury

Roman God: Mercury

  • Venus

Roman God: Venus

  • Earth

Greek goddess: Gaea

  • Moon

Roman Goddess: Diana

Greek Goddess: Artemis

  • Mars

Roman God: Area

  • Jupiter

Roman God: Jupiter

Moons of Jupiter (All are Roman gods or goddesses): Callisto, Europa, Ganymede, Leda, Io

  • Saturn

Greek God: Cronus

Moons of Jupiter:

Roman God: Atlas

Greek God : Pan

  • Uranus

Greek & Roman: Uranus

  • Neptune

Roman God: Poseidon

Moons of Neptune (Greek God): Galatea

  • Pluto (Even though that Pluto is not a planet any more I still included it here)

Roman God: Pluto



  • The Hyades - Daughters of Pleione and Atlas. There were several sisters, very attached to their brother Hyas. When he was killed by a lion, the sisters were really sad and commit suicide. Zeus changed them to a cluster of stars and put them is the constellation Taurus the Bull. The Hyades sister, Aldebaran, is the brightest star and represents the Bull's eye; other Hyades are in a V-shape, forming the horns and the nose of the bull. Greeks believed them to be messengers of spring rain showers and autumn storms, because the Hyades appeared during the rainy seasons. In Greek, their names means ?to rain.?

  • The Pleiades - Were seven sisters. Daughters of Pleione and Atlas. With the Hyades, they are part of the constellation Taurus the Bull. In Greek, the word "pleiades" means "doves." One day the Pleiades and their mother were traveling and they met the hunter Orion. He fall in love with them and followed them around trying to win their affection for several years. Then Zeus transformed the women into doves to help them escape which then they flew into the sky and become a cluster of stars with their name.



  • Greek: Scorpius the Scorpion
  • Greek : Draco the Dragon - Can be found revolving around the celestial North Pole. Is said to be circumpolar. Several different myths but one is: During the Titan war with Zeus, Athena was attacked by a dragon. She flung it into the air, wrapping it around the pole and to this day, the dragon remains in the night sky.

  • Greek: Heracles
  • Greek: The Lernean Hydra
  • Greek: Cancer
  • Greek: Orion
  • Greek: Europa and the Constellation Taurus
  • Greek: Ganymede and the Constellation Aquila
  • Greek: Andromeda
  • Greek: Cassiopeia
  • Greek: Cepheus
  • Greek: Pegasus - Pegasus was a winged horse that came out of Medusa when she was be-headed by Perseus

  • Greek: Perseus
  • Greek: The Big Dipper and Bootes
  • Greek: Leda and the Contellation Cusgnus



  • Greek: Zeus - King of heavens, Earth, and all of the Olympian gods. God of justice. Named king of gods in a special meeting. Zeus wife: Hera
  • Roman: Jupiter - Is Zeus in Greek mythology. Wife: Juno (Hera in Greek mythology)

Greek Gods & Goddesses

  • Apollo - The son of Zeus and Leto and the twin brother of the goddess, Artemis. He was the god of the Sun, logic, and reason, and also a fine musician and healer. He was know as the god who could foretell the future. The Romans believed that Apollo was the god of light, music, and healing.
  • Gaea (Mother Earth) - One of the greatest goddesses of the early Greeks. Represents the Earth and worshipped as the universal mother. In Greek mythology, Gaea was the goddesses who created the universe. She also was the one who gave birth to both the first race of gods, the Titans and the first humans. She is the oldest of the gods and known as the supreme goddess by humans and gods.
  • Artemis - Daughter of Zeus and Leto and the twin sister of the god, Apollo. Goddesses of the moon and of the hunt. In Greek legend, the siblings killed most of the children of Niobe because they insulted their mother. The Romans compared Artemis with the Greek goddess Diana
  • Cronus (Saturn) - Son of Uranus and Gaea. He lead his siblings (The Titans) to revolt against their father and became the king of gods. Married Titan Rhea and had six children. But Cronus had a habit of eating his newborns so that they wouldn?t overthrow him as king of gods. But when Rhea birth her last son, Zeus, she tricked Cronus to shallow a rock. Then Zeus beat Cronus and became king of all gods. The Romans adopted Cronus as the god Saturn.
  • Pan - Son of Hermes. Greek god protector of shepherds, sheep, and goats. Name comes from Greek word, ?paein? which means pasture. Has horns and legs of a goat. Is able to shout loudly that terrifies animals and humans. Plays a red pipe called syrinx very well that he challenged Apollo in a musical contest. But Pan lost and Apollo got a prize for playing his lyre. One of Saturn?s moon are named after Pan. The Romans confuse him with Roman god Faunus.
  • Galatea - A sea-nymph and attendant of sea-god, Poseidon. Her name was given to one of the moons of Neptune. In a story, she fell in love with one of Pan?s sons, Acis. But a Cyclops named Polyphemus was in love with her and he can?t hold in the jealous he had against Acis. When he saw Galatea and Acis sleeping together, he killed Acis with a huge rock. Acis? blood had formed a small stream on the ground and heart-broken Galatea turned into a stream bearing Acis? name.


For more information go to this link:

A Multimedia Tour of the Solar System



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